History

1631 : date de construction du Mas de Bonnaude en Lozère  Registre du Notaire royal Maître Debodety  Le Mas de Bonnaude donné à bail par l'Abbé du Chayla  

(more photos, click here Toutes les photos de Bonnaude)

 

BACKGROUND HISTORY 

 

The first mention of the locality Mas Bonnaude appears on a decrepit document partially destroyed, dated August 1285 :

"Me Guigo de Duobus Canibus domino Monturosi (  missing ) ...de Laulanet "  Exchange between the Lord of Montauroux and Eblo de Laulanier, who trades 15 measures of rye, measure of Langogne,  which he took from the land ordinarily called Bounoauda against a fief at Bourguet nov.  ( Bourguet Nauou = new suburb ). This places still exists. See IGN Grandrieu 2737 O. Bourguet neuf is the comb covered with prairies south of Montauroux, almost on the x of Montauroux near the mark 1042. The remains of constructions are still detectible in a hazel tree grove above what must have been the fish reserve of the castle, unfortunately destroyed in 1995 by work to open up what was thought to be a source.

The second mention on the  Douchanez Chartulary is in "1286 the 8th of the Ides of July" :

" in présentia de mei Pétri de La Faria publici notari dicti rége régnante et testium sub scriptorum Dominus Ebbles de Laulaniet récognovit se ténéré in feudum francam a Vierme Dominica de Montoros quid quid habet apud Montgros et affare de Bonauda et Las Médas et de La Chapella ".

Which can be translated by :  " in the presence of myself Pierre de la Fare, royal notary  and lower witnesses named Ebblo de Laulagniet, recognizes to Vierme, Lady of Montauroux,  all that he owns at  Montgros and the fief of Bonnaude as well as at Médes and La Chapelle ( Grandrieu)."

 According to Mr. Séguron, local historian , the Laulagnet or Aulagnier were a  family originally from the Vivarais  owing many things in the district of the Montauroux castle ( Montauroux, Montgros, Bonnaude, Les Médes, La Chapelle, Briges, Fontfreide, Le Soulage, le Sap, Florac). During the years 1270, a Guigon de Douchanez was the canon of Viviers and Lord of Montauroux,  while his cousin Pons de Douchanez, Lord of Thoras was baron of Aps ( former Gallo-Roman capital of the Vivarais, near Viviers/ Ardèche). The Canon Guigon  de Douchanez  bequeathed the Lordship of Montauroux to his nephew, another Guigon  who died young, leaving behind him at least three young children. It was Lady Vierme, the widow of this Guigon who will be " Lord" of Montauroux for around fifteen years until the majority of one of her sons whose first name was also Guigon. Mr. Séguron doesn't believe it is possible to go back farther for with this  Chartulary, we are concerned with the first written document on our region. ( The first text which mentions Montauroux  dates to 1212. It was preciously protected by the Lords of Montauroux to prove the ancient ownership of their land, and can now be found in the Archives at Le Puy )

In this same document of 1286, Bertrand Dantil ( Lord of Trémoul and co-Lord of St Haon ) attests to what he owns at  Montgros and Fabrèges.

Finally, a mention appears on the Land of Montauroux for 1458 :

The farmhouse of Bonaldes at this time belongued to Guillaume Morrebrun. 

THE CENTURY OF LOUIS XIV

 

Leasing
For the Abbot of Chaila,
Against Vidal and
Jean Champ, father and son of the site at St. Bonnet.

This day fifth of april

On thousand seven hundred and one in the afternoon, during the reign of the great Louis, by the grace of God King of France and Navarre, before us royal notary, with witnesses present in the persons of François de Langlade Abbot of Chaila, archpriest and Inspector of royal missions of Sevenes, prior and co-Lord of Laval atger at present in the parish of St. Germain de Calberte in the Sevenes, who willingly, in his quality of principal donator, creditor and owner of the domain of Bonnaude which belonged to Guillaume Villard, has leased and thus rented and delivered to  Vidal and Jean Champ, father and son of the site and parish of St. Bonnet ( ?) dioceze of Mende ( ?) presently accept the entire domain and sharecrop of Bonnaude in the above-mentioned parish of Laval, consisting of house, barn, stables, fields, pastures, woods and other land, cultivated or uncultivated, in whatever state it may be, without keeping anything, with the tithe of the aforesaid domain as well in grain that ( ?) of all the livestock which the said farmers will feed here, and this for a term of six years and six full and finished harvests which begin this day and will end on a same day, in exchange for a price and quantity for each of the said years of one hundred silver pounds, one and a half sesterces of rye, one sesterce ( ?) measure of Montauroux, thirty pounds of butter and twenty pounds of cheese : in other words, four and half sesterces of rye and sixteen pounds of money as the said tithe of the domain, and the surplus for the leasing here, payable through wheat, oats, butter and cheese at each St. Michael's Day, half of the money at each St. Lucy's Day and the other half at each Palm Sunday market, the first payments to begin at the next ones, and thus to continue on these days until the end of the said lease, during this time the said Lord Abbot will pay the tallage of the aforesaid farmhouse, on which the aforesaid farmers will sow this year Spring wheat, for the seeds of which the aforesaid Lord Abbot has leased to them two sesterces  ( ?), one and half of oats, two measures of barley, three measures of beans and two measures of peas; which they declare having received and promise to return, and to farm two measures of land for the Lord Abbot the last year of their lease to sow Spring wheat; as the aforesaid Lord Abbot has also leased to the aforesaid farmers to be used for the farm, one and a half of oats, two measures of barley, three measures of beans and two measures of peas; which they declare having received and promise to return, and to farm two measures of land for the Lord Abbot the last year of their lease to sow Spring wheat; as the aforesaid Lord Abbot has also leased to the aforesaid farmers to be used for the farm, a pair of oxen valued at the sum of one hundred thirty-two pounds, four cows of which one is in gestation, a heifer, and a two-year old bull, with two calves valued at one hundred sixteen pounds, four goats, of one tem in gestation, and four kids, twenty-three pounds, one hog and one sow with three piglets thirty-six pounds and eleven sheep valued at eight pounds ten sous apiece, taking all the aforementioned livestock for the sum of four hundred pounds ten sous, each of the livestock having its rope, two jars filled with their straw and feed, two arrayers also filled with their ( ?) weighing nineteen pounds, one plate and an axe weighing eight and a half pounds, two irons weighing thirteen three-quarters pounds, two fessons and a broken mattock weighing eight pounds one quarter, two ropes for the trap, and one for the horses weighing seven and half pounds, one cauldron weighing eight and a half pounds, one cart for manure, practically new, two traps valued at seventeen pounds, one trammel, one engraved rifle in good condition, two kneading troughs, one without bands, three wooden beds, one without a door, an attic in two parts with a lock without a key, a locked larder in which there is another two-part attic without a lock, twelve shelves, two baskets, one new one used, seventeen hens and two cocks, twenty-five quintals of hay and enough straw for the winter of the livestock, all of which things the farmers declare having been given by the Lord Abbot, and promise to return at the end of the lease, and to use all the straw and hay to be collected in the farm in the barn and stables, and to use the manure on the land, without transporting any of this another place under any pretext, and because the Lord Abbot has leased to the farmers the aforesaid farm sown with fifteen and a half sesterces of rye, the farmers will have to leave him the same amount the last year of the lease. Well laboured ( ?) and accommodated in the fields called "lonce dreilles lou plo" with a supply of two measures, a part of the one called the ranc of St. John , half of the field of Fontaubette, that of the "besals" which is below the path and two measures of the one above the Lagade fiels, one part of the one at Laubespy, and the field called Rasebas, will also be cared for; the farmers will also maintain the locks, canals and domain as good caretenders and will take the wood in the farmland when it is damaged. In exchange, the Lord Abbot promises the farmers to apply and have the present lease applied against all, and to be able to live there without any subjection and with a fully warrantee concerning main interest and expenses. And the said farmers will pay each term and return all mentioned above at the end of the said lease, each showing solidarity to the other and the ( ?) for the whole without any division of action or discussion of means which have been renounced by express and to the benefit of the order, the son proceeding with the license and authority of his father, being duly emancipated thusly by the said father Champ who so declares for the execution of the present. Only, and for the observation of all above, the parties each agree to oblige all and each of their means and the said farmers their own persons, having submitted to the Court their orders, leasor Gévaudan, senechal and royal conventions required and necessary, done and written at the place called Laval, house of the said Lord Abbot, present, Mr. Pierre Jean, priest and vicar of the said parish of Laval, the said Guillaume Villard of the place called Bonnaude and Mr. Mathieu Coste, presently of the place called Tresbos, having signed with the Lord Abbot, the said farmers have no seal of this document; and we, Annet Augustin Debodety, royal notary required, having signed and for Estraines the said farmers have given to the servants of the Lord Abbot the sum of nine pounds eighteen sous which he declares having received.


Revocation of donation containing obligation
for Sir the Abbot of Chaila, against Guillaume
Villard of the place of Bonnaude.

This day Sixth of April one thousand

Seven hundred and one afternoon, during the reign of the great Louis, by the grace of God King of France and Navarre, before us royal notary, undersigned and present, the witnesses, Sir François de Langlade Abbot of Chaila, archpriest and Inspector of royal missions in the Sevennes of Mende, prior and co-Lord of the parish of Laval Atgere, at present at the place and parish of St. Germain de Calberte in the Sevenes on the one hand, and Guillaume Villard of the place called Bonnaude in the said parish of  Laval on the other hand, which parties knew that said Villard had made a donation to the Lord Abbot of Chaila of all his belongings and in particular of a domain situated at a place called Bonnaude by contract on the twenty-first of May one thousand six hundred ninety-nine, received by Sir Vigieres, notary, being charged to pay up the sum of six thousands pounds of debts and expenses of these belongings should there be any, resulting from the said donation, the Lord Abbot has already paid several debts of these belongings and had several repairs made there, and because he is overextended in what he esteems having to pay, he wishes to repudiate through justice the said donation, and reduce his mortgage and since, in this case, said Villard would have to take back the belongings, pay the debts and also the expenses of the repudation, for which ( ? ) the said Lord Abbot and Villard have willingly respectively renounced the said donation of the day twenty-first May one thoousand six hundred ninety-nine, and consent that it become void of all effect and as if never having been, at the expense of Villard  to pay and reimburse to me that he is obliged to the Lord Abbot for the sum of two thousand pounds that he has paid to Sir Jacques Garrel Laval, bourgeois in the city of Mende, three hundred pounds to Alexandre de Langlade Lord of Montgros, that of eight hundred sixty-two pounds for the price of repairs done by the Lord Abbot to the barn and stables of the domain of Villard, following the account to verify this, before the ordinary officers of the place called Bonnaude last twenty-nine July, that of thirty pounds to Sir Jean Baptiste Brefson of the city of Pradelles as beneficiary, of twenty pounds ( ? ) from Montgros. And that of thirty-eight pounds in late rent for trimming on the domain to the collectors of the parish of Laval and Ste Colombes; all of these sums together amounting to three thousand two hundred and fifty pounds, for which said Villard declares he is in debt to the Lord Abbot, and for this he affects to him and mortgages his domain and farm at Bonnaude in that which it consists of or could consist of, of which the Lord Abbot may profit up until the complete reimbursement of the said sum of three thousand two hundred and fifty pounds,( ? ) on ( ? ) of the lease contract with the Lord Abbot made the day when Vidal and Jean Champ, father and son, before us, notary, deducted on the trimming of the said farm that the said  Lord Abbot will have to pay thirty pounds for the ( ? ) in the cases ( ? ) of Antoinette Hebrard, mother of Villard, and the income from the livestock and other things rented by the said  Lord Abbot of the said farm fields, and the surplus will be compensated on the interest of the said sum by means of one sou per pound, unless to augment or diminish the price of the said lease with the said interest if any, without said Villard or other being able to dispossess the Lord Abbot of the said domain under any pretext whatsoever, that in preamble it has not been reimbursed the entire sum of three thousand two hundred and fifty pounds, and until Villard promises the Lord Abbot to have him profit and keep the said domain against all, and live and remain in judgment outside of all ( ? ) and guarantee the principal interest and expenses; in addition to the above, said Villard promises the Lord Abbot to reimburse the pension of Jean Villard his son who is at present at the home of Sir Mingaud, priest of St. Etienne de Valfrancisque, for seven pounds ten sous per month with the necessary clothes and books for his education which the said Lord Abbot will supply him with according to his role; with the reserve that the said Lord Abbot make of the consent of said Villard of the date and privilege of his mortgages that he is subrogated to, for which he will not renege; and for the observation off all the above, the said parties and each of them are obliged and all of their belongings have been supplied to the Court of their leasing orders, Leasor of Gevaudan, senechal and C( ? ) royal and others required and necessary to this end, done and ( ? ) at the place called Laval, house of the said  Lord Abbot, present Pierre Jean, esquire, priest and vicar of the said parish of Laval, sirs Nicolas de Caylar, priest and prior of the parish of St. Bonnet and Mr. Armand Reboul ( ? ) of the place called Chams, signed with the said parties, and we, Annet Augustin Debotety, royal notary required. Signed together. ( ? ) five pounds paid by the said Lord to Pierre Villard his brother.

Self-catering accommodations at " Mas de Bonnaude " ( Lozère )

 

Telephone : + 33 (0) 6 17 01 27 85
 
Mailing address : Mas  de  Bonnaude, 48600 Saint Bonnet Laval (ex Laval-Atger)   France
 

e-mail :   chantal@bonnaude.com